Quick Answer: What Is Opportunity Cost Definition?

What is an example of opportunity cost in your life?

A student spends three hours and $20 at the movies the night before an exam.

The opportunity cost is time spent studying and that money to spend on something else.

A farmer chooses to plant wheat; the opportunity cost is planting a different crop, or an alternate use of the resources (land and farm equipment)..

What is opportunity cost explain with example?

When economists refer to the “opportunity cost” of a resource, they mean the value of the next-highest-valued alternative use of that resource. If, for example, you spend time and money going to a movie, you cannot spend that time at home reading a book, and you can’t spend the money on something else.

What does opportunity mean?

an appropriate or favorable time or occasion: Their meeting afforded an opportunity to exchange views. a situation or condition favorable for attainment of a goal. a good position, chance, or prospect, as for advancement or success.

What is the best definition of opportunity cost?

In microeconomic theory, opportunity cost, or alternative cost, is the loss of potential gain from other alternatives when one particular alternative is chosen over the others. In simple terms, opportunity cost is the loss of the benefit that could have been enjoyed had a given choice not been made.

What is opportunity cost diagram?

Definition – Opportunity cost is the next best alternative foregone. If we spend that £20 on a textbook, the opportunity cost is the restaurant meal we cannot afford to pay. If you decide to spend two hours studying on a Friday night. The opportunity cost is that you cannot have those two hours for leisure.

Is opportunity cost included in cash flow?

While not specifically included in the definition of a relevant cash flow (as noted above) opportunity costs are also relevant cash flows.

What is opportunity cost simple definition?

Opportunity cost is an economics term that refers to the value of what you have to give up in order to choose something else. In a nutshell, it’s a value of the road not taken.

Why is opportunity cost important in decision making?

In business, opportunity costs play a major role in decision-making. … If you decide to purchase a new piece of equipment, your opportunity cost is the money spent elsewhere. Companies must take both explicit and implicit costs into account when making rational business decisions.

How do you determine opportunity cost?

Opportunity cost is the value of the next best alternative or option. This value may or may not be measured in money. Value can also be measured by other means like time or satisfaction. One formula to calculate opportunity costs could be the ratio of what you are sacrificing to what you are gaining.

What are the three examples of opportunity cost?

Opportunity Cost ExamplesSomeone gives up going to see a movie to study for a test in order to get a good grade. … At the ice cream parlor, you have to choose between rocky road and strawberry. … A player attends baseball training to be a better player instead of taking a vacation. … Jill decides to take the bus to work instead of driving.More items…

How does opportunity cost affect our life?

Opportunity costs can impact various – and critical – aspects of your life, including money, career, home and family, and other lifestyle elements. In general, it means having to choose one option over the other, be it money, time or lifestyle choices – and living with the consequences.

What is the definition of opportunity cost quizlet?

Explain the concept of opportunity cost. Opportunity Cost is when in making a decision the value of the best alternative is lost. e.g. choosing electricity over gas, the opportunity cost is what you’ve lost from not picking gas. Firms take decision about what economic activity they want to be involved in.

How do you use opportunity cost in a sentence?

Opportunity cost in a Sentence 🔉My mother explained she could not buy two snacks and that popcorn would be our opportunity cost if we chose to get candy. … Samantha looks at the money should would save living in a cheaper place as the opportunity cost of owning a nice home.More items…

Which is an example of opportunity cost quizlet?

The cost of making a choice is that the next best alternative is forgone. This is know as opportunity cost. For example if a Government decides to make the choice of devoting more resources to the NHS then the opportunity cost is devoting those resources into the education system.