What Do You Mean By Contract Costing?

How do you calculate work cost in a contract?


JOB AND CONTRACT COSTING.You are required to: (i) PREPARE a job cost sheet.

(ii) CALCULATE the entire revised cost using 20X9 actual figures as basis.

Job Cost Sheet.

Direct materials.

× 100 = 50% of ` 20 = ` 10.00.

× 100 = 75% of ` 15 = ` 11.25.

× 100 = 25% of ` 10 = ` 2.50.

× 100 = 10% of work cost.More items…•.

How is a contract account prepared?

For costing purposes a separate ‘Contract Account’ is prepared for each contract and all costs relating to a particular contract are charged to the same. … Any abnormal loss such as materials lost and plant damaged during transit is credited to contract account by debiting Profit and loss account.

What is the basic method of contract costing?

Contract costing is the method of costing which is applied in a business where separate contracts of non-repetitive nature are undertaken. According to Sharie, “Contract or terminal cost accounts are applicable to a concern which makes specific contracts and requires to know the cost of each.”

What are the features of contract costing?

Following are the main features of contract costing:Separate Account. A separate contract account is maintained for each contract.Cost Unit. Each contract is considered as a cost unit.Contract Site. A major portion of contract work is done at the contract site.Direct Expenses. … Overheads. … Limited Contracts.

What is contract costing to which industries are suitable?

Contract costing is a specialized system of Job costing applies to long-term contracts as distinct from short-term jobs. Contract costing is mainly applied in civil construction and engineering projects, ship building, road and railway line contracts, construction of bridges etc.

What is process costing method?

Process costing is a method of costing used mainly in manufacturing where units are continuously mass-produced through one or more processes. Examples of this include the manufacture of erasers, chemicals or processed food.

What is work certified in contract costing?

Work certified is the work completed and certified by the engineer and work uncertified is that which is completed but not certified by the engineer. Work certified and work uncertified are part of work in progress and to be recorded in contract account.

What do you mean by contract account?

A contract account is prepared by a Contractor. … The agreement between the Contractor and the Contractee to complete a job is called a Contract. A contract account is prepared to find out the cost of the contract and to know the profit or loss made on the contract.

What is the difference between job costing and contract costing?

Definition. Job costing is the ascertaining of costs that are incurred in the undertaking of a specific job. On the other hand, contract costing is the ascertaining of costs associated with the production of a specific product as per the contract agreement with the customer.

How do you calculate uncertified cost?

Work Uncertified is calculated on cost basis, As given in the question that 2/3 of contract was completed and 1/2 half was certifed by the architect, means 2/3-1/2 = 1/6 remains uncertified.

Who uses process costing system?

Question: A process costing system is used by companies that produce similar or identical units of product in batches employing a consistent process. Examples of companies that use process costing include Chevron Corporation (petroleum products), the Wrigley Company (chewing gum), and Pittsburgh Paints (paint).

What is contract and process costing?

It assigns average costs to each unit, and is the opposite extreme of Job costing which attempts to measure individual costs of production of each unit. Process costing is usually a significant chapter. Contract Costing is A form of specific order costing; attribution of costs to individual contracts CIMA Terminology.

What is contract account number?

When a contract has been accepted by the contractor, a separate account is opened for each contract in order to bring together all costs relating to a particular contract, and a serial number is given to each contract, which is called contract account.

How do you calculate contract cost?

Contract Costing FormulaWhen the work certified is less than ¼ of the contract price: No profits to profit and loss account.When the work certified is ¼ but less than ½ of the contract price : … When the work certified is ½ or more of the contract price :More items…•

How do you calculate work in progress in contract?

Work in ProgressWork-in-progress will be shown at the asset side of the Balance sheet on the account of expenses incurred the un-completed contracts.Value of the work-in-progress will be inclusive of Profit.Cash received from the Contractee will be deducted from the value of work-inprogress.More items…